Auditing Virtualised infrastructures

Nowadays it's hard to find an organisation that hasn't used virtualisation techniques somewhere in its IT infrastructure, and all IT auditors need to be able to identify and evaluate the additional security and management tissues that come with virtualisation.

In this intensive 2-day course, you will learn about the various types of virtualisation, how they work and what benefits and risks they can bring to a business. Using demonstrations of the three most popular virtualisation products, VMware's VSphere, Microsoft's Hyper-V and Citrix XenApp Server, you will see how virtualised data centres are set up and managed and how access to them is controlled and monitored.

You will learn the right questions to ask when auditing a virtualised data centre, how the evaluate the answers, and how to use virtualisation management tools such as PowerShell to generate your own audit scripts to extract data from virtualisation servers. You will also receive an audit programme and some sample scripts to get you started.


Virtualisation - The different types
How virtual machines work
Advantages and disadvantages of virtualisation
Risks and benefits of a virtualised infrastructure
Environmental benefits
Machine provisioning benefits
Hardware utilisation benefits
Business continuity risks and benefits
Risks of improperly managed virtual machines
Risks of uncontrolled VM communication
Risks of dormant and suspended VMs
Auditing in a virtual machine environment
Identifying and evaluating controls in a virtualised environment

Examples – Microsoft Hyper-V and VMware VSphere
Virtual Machine Managers - privilege and task management
VMM console access and its risks
VMware's VSphere
Auditing ESX servers
Auditing the VSphere and Hyper-V environments
Audit scripting with PowerShell

Virtualised storage
Storage – NAS and SAN – their advantages and disadvantages
What risks are associated with each type of technology and what countermeasures are available?

Virtual Desktop Infrastructure
What is it for?
How does it work?
What are the risks and benefits of deploying virtualised applications?

Example - Citrix XenApp server administration
Setting up a server farm
Configuring applications
Administration via the Management Console
Configuring Citrix servers
Controlling access to applications
Controlling ICA client access
Delegated administration
Controlling web access to the server farm
Audit questions to ask